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"The Burnt District". By Grace Julian Clarke. The political area of Indiana, known for many years as the "Burnt District" has been variously composed of from four.
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The so-called Burned District was chronicled in dramatic images made by Union photographers eager to capture the devastation, and to give a graphic representation of the punishment being endured by the defeated foe. The irony was that the fires were started by the Confederates themselves, and it was the Union soldiers who contained the blaze. While evacuating on April 3, , Confederate soldiers set fire to tobacco warehouses and the conflagration spread throughout the commercial heart of Richmond, leaving a large swath of the business district in ruins.

The so-called Burned District was chronicled in dramatic images made by Northern photographers eager to capture the devastation, and to give a graphic representation of the punishment being endured by the defeated foe. Ironically, Confederates actually started the fires and Union soldiers contained the blaze. The so-called Burned District was chronicled in dramatic images made by northern photographers eager to capture the devastation, and to give a graphic representation of the punishment being endured by the defeated foe.

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Ewing ordered his troops not to engage in looting or other depredations, but he was ultimately unable to control them. Most were Kansas volunteers, who regarded all of the inhabitants of the affected counties as rebels with property subject to military confiscation. Ewing's order had the opposite military effect from what he intended: instead of eliminating the guerrillas, it gave them immediate and practically unlimited access to supplies.

Burned District in Richmond

For instance, the Bushwhackers were able to help themselves to abandoned chickens, hogs and cattle, left behind when their owners were forced to flee. Smokehouses were sometimes found to contain hams and bacon, while barns often held feed for horses. Ewing eased his order in November, issuing General Order No. He almost immediately replaced it with a new directive, one that allowed anyone who would take an oath of allegiance to the Union to return and rebuild their homes. Ewing's controversial order greatly disrupted the lives of thousands of civilians, most of whom were innocent of any guerrilla collaboration.

The evidence is not conclusive whether Order No.

No raids into Kansas took place after its issuance, but historian Albert Castel credits this not to Order No. The infamous destruction and hatred inspired by Ewing's Order No. Bingham wrote to Gen.

Cinders and Silence: A Chronicle of Missouri's Burnt District

Ewing, "If you execute this order, I shall make you infamous with pen and brush," and in created his famous painting reflecting the consequences of Ewing's harsh edict see above. Former guerrilla Frank James , a participant in the Lawrence, Kansas raid, is said to have commented: "This is a picture that talks.

It is well-known that men were shot down in the very act of obeying the order, and their wagons and effects seized by their murderers. Large trains of wagons, extending over the prairies for miles in length, and moving Kansasward, were freighted with every description of household furniture and wearing apparel belonging to the exiled inhabitants. Dense columns of smoke arising in every direction marked the conflagrations of dwellings, many of the evidences of which are yet to be seen in the remains of seared and blackened chimneys, standing as melancholy monuments of a ruthless military despotism which spared neither age, sex, character, nor condition.

There was neither aid nor protection afforded to the banished inhabitants by the heartless authority which expelled them from their rightful possessions.

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They crowded by hundreds upon the banks of the Missouri River, and were indebted to the charity of benevolent steamboat conductors for transportation to places of safety where friendly aid could be extended to them without danger to those who ventured to contribute it. Bingham insisted that the real culprits behind most of the depredations committed in western Missouri and eastern Kansas were not the pro-Confederate bushwhackers, but rather pro-Union Jayhawkers and "Red Legs," whom he accused of operating under the protection of General Ewing himself.

According to Bingham, Union troops might easily have defeated the Bushwhackers if they had tried hard enough, and exercised a requisite amount of personal courage. He furthermore argues that Ewing issued Order No. Further scholarship indicates that although Bingham's son used the painting in to attack Ewing when he ran for Governor of Ohio, it did not prove to be the deciding influence in Ewing's narrow loss.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Not to be confused with General Order No. Louis website, Retrieved on 11 July The Devil Knows How to Ride. Da Capo Press, Pages Missouri's Memorable Decade, Columbia, MO : E. Archived from the original on July 10, Tears and Turnoil, Order No. Two Trails Publishing, Independence, Missouri.

Burnt District

Page Letter to the Editor. Printed in the St. Louis Republican; February Missouri in the American Civil War. Confederacy Union. Shelby's Raid Price's Missouri Expedition. Involvement by city or town.

BURNT DISTRICT FESTIVAL!!!